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Investing Safely in Bitcoin

Apr 21, 2023
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Bitcoin allows for fast, secure, and low-cost transactions without intermediaries like banks or governments. One of Bitcoin’s key features is scarcity. It has a fixed supply of 21 million bitcoins. This implies as its utility and adoption increase, Bitcoin will become increasingly valuable. Understanding this is crucial before investing in Bitcoin. 

Bitcoin’s decentralized nature and fixed supply are some of the reasons it is an attractive investment opportunity. By being decentralized, it gives anyone the chance to purchase and invest. And having a fixed supply creates scarcity which in turn increases its value. 

However, as with any investment, Bitcoin comes with attendant risks—market volatility, security of Bitcoin exchanges, regulatory issues, and potential for fraud. Therefore, it is essential to carry out thorough research before investing. Moreso, Bitcoin investments should not be seen or treated as a get-rich-quick scheme. If Bitcoin is the future of finance, it should be treated as one. It should always be viewed as a long-term plan that requires patience and discipline. 

Understanding the Bitcoin Market

One cannot discuss investing in Bitcoin without delving into the Bitcoin market. The Bitcoin market is a decentralized, global network of individuals and organizations that buy and sell Bitcoin. Unlike the stock market, the Bitcoin market functions 24/7. Thus, Bitcoin can be traded at any time, anywhere in the world provided the investor is connected to the network. The Bitcoin market is popularly known for its high risk and high returns which are largely due to its volatility. 

Generally, the Bitcoin market consists of exchanges where traders and investors can buy, sell or exchange Bitcoin using other cryptocurrencies or fiat currencies such as U.S. dollars, euros, etc. Just like every asset, Bitcoin’s price is determined by supply and demand and these factors are determined by several factors such as global economic conditions, geopolitical events, and technological advancements. As a result, investing in Bitcoin is risky and unpredictable. 

Factors that Affect the Bitcoin Market

Various factors contribute to the volatility of the Bitcoin market. Some of them include supply and demand, global events, regulatory issues, technological advancements, and market sentiments.  

  1. Supply and Demand: This basic economic principle plays a significant role in the volatility of the Bitcoin market. Bitcoin’s supply is capped at 21 million units, this means that if there is a high demand which is not matched by sufficient supply, Bitcoin’s price will increase. Conversely, if there is a low demand, the price will fall. This sudden drop in value can trigger panic selling, leading to further price drop. 
  2. News and Events: Geopolitical news and events also significantly impact Bitcoin's value. Positive news such as a new utility for Bitcoin can increase demand and drive up its price, while negative news such as regulatory crackdowns can cause the value to plummet. 
  3. Regulatory Dynamics: Government regulations significantly impact the Bitcoin market. The market is usually stable in countries like Denmark where Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are recognized, accepted, and regulated. However, Bitcoin continues to take a hit in countries like China where it has faced bans and regulatory crackdowns. 
  4. Technological Advancements: Bitcoin operates on blockchain technology and advancements made to the technology can increase the efficiency and security of transactions, which can consequently affect the demand for Bitcoin.
  5. Market Sentiment: One reason for Bitcoin’s volatility is that it is largely controlled by investors’ emotions, attitudes, and sentiments. For example, mass adoption and positive publicity can attract investors, increase demand, and drive up the price, while negative publicity can cause massive sell offs and price drop.

Volatility of the Bitcoin Market

The word “volatility” has featured a lot in this article. So what’s volatility and how does it relate to the Bitcoin market? Simply, volatility refers to the price fluctuation of an asset over a period of time. And Bitcoin has seen a lot of volatility since its creation 14 years ago. We can see this through its price history over the years.

Bitcoin price movement from April 2013 to January 2023 (Source: Statista)

Between 2009 and 2010, it traded at less than $1. By June 2011, it had reached $30, but then crashed to $2. Between 2012 and 2013, it fluctuated before hitting an all-time high of $1,242. In early 2014, it experienced a major crash as its price dropped from over $1,000 down to around $300. It then hovered between $200 and $400 throughout 2014 and 2015. 

By mid-2016, Bitcoin's price began to climb once again, reaching $1,000 by early 2017. From there, it surged to almost $20,000 by the end of the year. It took a major hit again in 2018, plummeting to around $3,000, and trading around $4,000 to $6,000 between 2018 and 2019. 

In late 2020, it surged and surpassed its previous all-time high to touch almost $65,000 in April 2021. By January 2022, Bitcoin dipped to $46,0000 mark and fell even further a year later to the $16,000 mark in January 2023. 

The Importance of Volatility in Bitcoin Investment

Bitcoin’s price history shows that it has gone through some massive fluctuations. Skyrocketing to high values sometimes; crashing dramatically at other times. This volatility and unpredictability make Bitcoin appealing to investors. Volatility gives them the opportunity for big payouts if they study and time the market rightly. However, there are investors who see volatility as a turnoff. 

Bitcoin’s increasing mining difficulty facilitates the scarcity of its tokens, and hence potential increase in price

Bitcoin’s volatility is tied to some factors. First, the Bitcoin market is still relatively young compared to more established asset classes such as stocks, gold, or oil. Second, it is prone to overspeculation seeing that it is not backed by a physical asset or currency. As a result, its value can easily be swayed by hype and media attention. News about price spikes or regulatory crackdowns can cause the value to swing dramatically in any direction.

Every potential Bitcoin investor must consider the volatility of Bitcoin before investing. It is important to carry out thorough research to understand the risks involved and to know the type of Bitcoin investment that has lower risks. 

How to Invest in the Bitcoin Market | Types of Bitcoin Investment

The Bitcoin market offers different investment options to investors. Some of these options include buying and hodling, trading on exchanges, Bitcoin mining, Bitcoin futures, and Bitcoin-related stocks. Each method has its own unique risks and rewards, and serves as a great way for investors to diversify their portfolios and take advantage of Bitcoin’s profitability. 

Buy and Hodl 

This is a popular and easy way of investing in Bitcoin, especially for those who believe in its long-term potential. The idea is simple: buy Bitcoin and hodl, hoping that the value will increase over time. Hodl is an intentional mispelling of “hold”, and implies that a buyer holds on to their crypto indefinitely, even during bears. This method requires less active management and skill than other forms of investment.

“Hodling” is so common a term it has several memes dedicated to its practice

Historical data has shown that buying and hodling Bitcoin can be a good investment because Bitcoin’s value increases over time. Furthermore, Bitcoin continues to enjoy widespread adoption and acceptance from individuals and institutions who recognize its potential and integrate it into their portfolios.  

A Table Showing Bitcoin Annual Returns Between 2010 and 2022

Year Return (%)
2010 30,203
2011 1,467
2012 187
2013 5,870
2014 -61
2015 35
2016 124
2017 1,338
2018 -73
2019 94
2020 302
2021 60
2022 64

However, like any investment, buying and hodling Bitcoin still has its risks. Bitcoin can suffer significant price swings in short periods. Also, the market can be impacted by factors, some beyond human control. For example, the coronavirus pandemic caused the Bitcoin market to lose a significant portion of its value. Regulatory crackdowns can also send the Bitcoin price crashing. However, investors who have a high-risk appetite and emotional management can hold onto their investment for an extended period of time. 

Trading Bitcoin on Exchanges 

Trading Bitcoin on exchanges involves buying and selling Bitcoin to take advantage of real-time market fluctuations. This method offers more active management and greater potential for short-term gains. But the downside is that it requires a level of technical expertise and knowledge of market trends. This is because it can be difficult to predict and profit from short-term price movements. Another disadvantage of this method is that the investor or trader needs to be familiar with the exchange platform.  

Before adopting this method, it is important to research various crypto exchanges and select a reputable and secure one. In addition, investors need to understand trading strategy, good risk management, and have adequate capital.

Bitcoin Mining

This is a complex and technical method of investing in Bitcoin. Bitcoin mining requires using specialized software to produce or mint new coins as a reward for solving complex mathematical equations. As expected, this investment method is only feasible for those with the knowledge, expertise, financial resources, and electricity requirements for Bitcoin mining. 

Besides the significant start-up and operating costs, other risks of Bitcoin mining include increasing mining difficulty and increasing Bitcoin supply which can lead to a diminishing return on investment over time.

However, for those with the right technical knowledge and resources, mining can be a profitable method of investing in Bitcoin, since there is no limit to the number of Bitcoin they can mine. They can even decide to hodl their mined Bitcoins with the hopes of them increasing in value over time.

Bitcoin Futures

This is a relatively new investment option that allows investors to speculate on Bitcoin’s price by purchasing futures contracts. This contract is an agreement between the buyer and the seller to buy/sell Bitcoin at a specific price at a set time in the future.

The advantage of Bitcoin futures is that it offers a regulated and standardized way to trade and invest Bitcoin without actually owning the asset. In other words, investors can bet on Bitcoin’s future value without going through the rigors of directly buying, storing, or managing Bitcoin directly. 

Another advantage is that it allows investors to make a profit even when Bitcoin price is going down. If an investor bets that Bitcoin price will go down and this speculation comes true, then they make a profit because the contract permits them to buy Bitcoin at a low price and sell at a higher price. Other investors do not have this opportunity. Betting on a price drop is an investment option not available to other Bitcoin investments. 

But this does not mean that Bitcoin Futures trading does not have its risks. It suffers from the volatility and unpredictability of the Bitcoin market. Furthermore, investing in futures requires a thorough understanding of technical analysis and market trends. Therefore, unlike buying and hodling, investing in futures is not for novices.

Investing in Bitcoin-related Stocks

There are publicly-traded companies that have exposure to the Bitcoin market. These companies could be cryptocurrency exchanges, payment processors, or companies that offer services related to blockchain technology. An investor can decide to purchase the stocks of these companies. 

Tips for Investing Safely in the Bitcoin Market

Like every investment, there are fundamental principles an investor needs to follow to make a secure and profitable investment. Here are some tips to safely invest in the Bitcoin market: 

  1. Gain knowledge about Bitcoin: It's important to learn as much as you can about Bitcoin—how it works, how it is stored, and how it’s traded. Every investor should keep abreast with the trends that can impact Bitcoin price. 
  2. Use a secure and reliable crypto wallet: The Bitcoin market is quite vulnerable to malicious actors, so safely storing one’s Bitcoin is important. Use wallets that offer strong security features such as two-factor authentication and other security measures. 
  3. Invest only what you can afford to lose: Like with every other investment, only invest what you can afford to lose. Bitcoin is highly volatile, so do not put all your eggs in a basket. Don't commit all your savings into Bitcoin. Instead, allocate a fixed percentage of your investment portfolio. 
  4. Avoid Scams: As mentioned earlier, Bitcoin investment is not a get-rich-quick or Ponzi scheme. Therefore, be wary of individuals or organizations that present Bitcoin as a Ponzi scheme for quick returns. Also, do your due diligence before making any investment. 


Investing in the Bitcoin market is a veritable way to diversify investments and potentially earn profits. However, it's crucial to do this safely and intelligently. Invest first in amassing knowledge about the market, then learn to manage your emotions. Do not yield to greed or fear. But this can only be possible when you know how the market works. Also, ensure to stay updated on industry news and trends so as to make informed decisions. With these tips, you can rest assured of profiting adequately from the Bitcoin market. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I buy Bitcoin in the stock market?

Bitcoin is not traded on the traditional stock market or any stock exchange. To buy Bitcoin, you need to access a crypto exchange or buy directly from a Bitcoin owner. 

Is it safe to invest in Bitcoin?

While there are risks associated with Bitcoin investing, it is possible to safely invest, provided you take the necessary precautions such as conducting your due diligence and using a reliable wallet. 

How do I buy Bitcoin-related stocks?

Bitcoin-related stocks can be bought and sold on traditional stock exchanges, just like any other publicly-traded company.